What is conception – Full Guide and Ovulation Calculator

What is conception?

The post is aimed at giving you complete information about conception and when to take your chances if you wish to get pregnant.

Conception is simply the beginning of pregnancy.  It is the process where the egg in the fallopian tube inside the woman’s body is fertilized by sperm released during sex by a man.  A man releases about 250 million sperm each ejaculation, each sperm will attempt to swim into the fallopian tube aiming to fertilize each of the eggs.  These eggs are released during ovulation and they live about 12 – 24 hours after ovulation.

 

How To Get Pregnant

As stated above, these eggs are released during ovulation, so in order for conception to occur the sperm must get to the fallopian tube within the said time during and after ovulation.  It is well discovered that the best time to try and get pregnant is on the ovulation day where the egg is released. 

Conception usually occurs about 2 weeks after the beginning of the last menstrual period. So to stand a great chance of getting pregnant, couples are advised to have sexual intercourse on the day of ovulation. 

You are also likely to get pregnant if you have an intercourse few days to ovulation, ovulation day or the day after ovulation.  A fresh and healthy sperm can survive in the uterus for about 3 to 5 days, so having an intercourse a few days before ovulation, ovulation day or a day after ovulation will still give you a chance of getting pregnant.

CLICK HERE TO KNOW YOUR OVULATION DAY

Processes of Conception:

Insemination:  there are two types of insemination; natural insemination and artificial insemination but for the purpose of this post we will concentrate on the natural insemination.  This is simple; it is when a man and a woman have sexual intercourse for the purpose of making children, it is when a sperm is released by the man into the woman’s sexual organ.

Fertilization:  This is the process where the traveling sperm gets into the produced egg and fertilizes it, this occurs inside the fallopian tube which afterward the egg will change so as to prevent other sperms from getting into it.  There can be no pregnancy without this event occurring, so proper timing is required if you intend to get pregnant.

Implantation:  This is when the fertilized egg starts its movement from the fallopian tube to the uterus, the fertilized egg while in the fallopian tube started dividing into many cells within 24 hours of fertilization, as it commences movement to the uterus. 

During implantation, you may notice slight bleeding (spotting) around 1 – 2 days.  As the fertilized egg enters the uterus, a plug of mucus will now seal the cervix and the uterus lining becomes thicker so as to hold the egg and stays this way throughout the period of pregnancy.  The baby’s first nerve cells are usually formed within 3 weeks.

Learn More: Proper Dieting During Pregnancy

Hindrances to Conception

There are many factors that may hinder conception, these factors have increasingly become a worry to many couples who try to conceive.  Some of them are;

 

Fibroid

These are growths developed in the muscle wall of the uterus, the affect implantation greatly.  The symptom of fibroids may be a heavy period.  Fibroids affect women’s fertility depending on their location in the uterus as well as the size.  If you are having conception problem then you may need to check for fibroid.

 

The Thyroid Gland

Thyroid problems affect the egg quality, it also affects the sperm and where the fertilization process is taking place.  It is even difficult to maintain the pregnancy once there is a thyroid problem.  Checking for thyroid malfunction in women is paramount because it is known to affect fertility.

 

Age

As a woman grows older, the eggs in her reserve reduce year by year.  To be blunt, a woman losses eggs frequently even prior to her menstrual period.  Medical experts say that a woman loses 2 eggs per ovary daily from the age of 37 years, this signals the drop in fertility from 35 years and much more after 40 years. 

 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

PCOS is an endocrine system disorder and is very common among women who are of the age of child-bearing.  The common symptoms of this disorder are either delay in ovulating or no ovulation at all.  This is when a woman has enlarged ovaries containing small deposits of fluids in every ovary, though she has more than normal eggs her body is not releasing any for fertilization as normal.    Though this is not a common cause of infertility it has the potential of causing infertility.

 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This is when there is an inflammation or infection in the fallopian tubes by sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia.  The fallopian tubes may be damaged or blocked and this will surely cause fertility problem.

 

Endometriosis

It is a conservative menstruation which affects both the quality and quantity of eggs.  This condition gets worse by the day, it affects the fallopian tubes. 

 

Cancer

Cancer treatment in for the form of Chemotherapy can cause menopause at a younger age thereby stopping the woman from ovulating, it also disrupts a man’s ability to produce sperm.

 

Smoking

The negative effect of nicotine in cigarettes cannot be underestimated, it hinders the fertilized eggs from getting into the uterine lining after it is being fertilized.  It is said to affect the genetic integrity of sperms. 

 

Coffee and Tea

Caffeine in coffee has been known to be a major cause of miscarriage or hindering the baby’s growth.  If you are trying to conceive then you may want to cut down on the intake to less than 200 milligrams of per day. 

 

Conception is a natural process and as such it is also not good to do much of thinking when trying to conceive, you should be relaxed and keep trying while also keeping an eye on your diet, lifestyle etc.

If you have contributions of question please comment below.

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